Login   /   Register
Cover Image

Crop response to soils amended with biochar: expected benefits and unintended risks

Raghunath Subedi, Chiara Bertora, Laura Zavattaro, Carlo Grignani
  • Raghunath Subedi
    Department of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences, University of Turin, Grugliasco (TO), Italy

Abstract

Biochar (BC) from biomass waste pyrolysis has been widely studied due to its ability to increase carbon sequestration, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and enhance both crop growth and soil quality. This review summarises the current knowledge of BC production, characterisation, and types, with a focus on its positive effects on crop yield and soil properties vs the unintended risks associated with these effects. Biochar-amended soils enhance crop growth and yield via several mechanisms: expanded plant nutrient and water availability through increased use efficiencies, improved soil quality, and suppression of soil and plant diseases. Yield response to BC has been shown to be more evident in acidic and sandy soils than in alkaline and fine-textured soils. Biochar composition and properties vary considerably with feedstock and pyrolysis conditions so much that its concentrations of toxic compounds and heavy metals can negatively impact crop and soil health. Consequently, more small-scale and greenhouse-sited studies are in process to investigate the role of BC/soil/crop types on crop growth, and the mechanisms by which they influence crop yield. Similarly, a need exists for long-term, field-scale studies on the effects (beneficial and harmful) of BC amendment on soil health and crop yields, so that production guidelines and quality standards may be developed for BCs derived from a range of feedstocks.

Keywords

Feedstock type; Pyrolysis temperature; Crop yield; Carbon sequestration; Soil quality

Full Text:

PDF
APPENDIX
HTML
Submitted: 2016-05-09 11:45:56
Published: 2017-06-28 00:00:00
Search for citations in Google Scholar
Related articles: Google Scholar
Abstract views:
719

Views:
PDF
417
APPENDIX
19
HTML
252

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


Copyright (c) 2017 Raghunath Subedi, Chiara Bertora, Laura Zavattaro, Carlo Grignani

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
 
© PAGEPress 2008-2017     -     PAGEPress is a registered trademark property of PAGEPress srl, Italy.     -     VAT: IT02125780185