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Effects of seeding date and seeding rate on yield, proximate composition and total tannins content of two kabuli chickpea cultivars

Roberto Ruggeri, Riccardo Primi, Pier Paolo Danieli, Bruno Ronchi, Francesco Rossini
  • Roberto Ruggeri
    Department of Agriculture and Forestry Science, University of Tuscia, Italy | r.ruggeri@unitus.it
  • Riccardo Primi
    Department of Agriculture and Forestry Science, University of Tuscia, Italy
  • Pier Paolo Danieli
    Department of Agriculture and Forestry Science, University of Tuscia, Italy
  • Bruno Ronchi
    Department of Agriculture and Forestry Science, University of Tuscia, Italy
  • Francesco Rossini
    Department of Agriculture and Forestry Science, University of Tuscia, Italy

Abstract

Experiments were conducted in open field to assess the effect of seeding season and density on the yield, the chemical composition and the accumulation of total tannins in grains of two chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars (‘Pascià’ and ‘Sultano’). Environmental conditions and genetic factors considerably affected grain yield, nutrient and total tannins content of chickpea seeds, giving a considerable range in its qualitative characteristics. Results confirmed cultivar selection as a central factor when a late autumn-early winter sowing is performed. In effect, a more marked resistance to Ascochyta blight (AB) of ‘Sultano’, allowed better agronomic performances when favourable to AB climatic conditions occur. Winter sowing appeared to be the best choice in the Mediterranean environment when cultivating to maximize the grain yield (+19%).Spring sowing improved crude protein (+10%) and crude fiber (+8%) content, whereas it did not significantly affect the accumulation of anti-nutrients compounds such as total tannins.The most appropriate seeding rate was 70 seeds m-2, considering that plant density had relatively little effect on the parameters studied.

Keywords

Anti-nutrients; Aschochyta blight; Chickpea; Sowing rate; Time of sowing

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Submitted: 2016-12-05 19:00:38
Published: 2017-07-03 17:05:57
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Copyright (c) 2017 Roberto Ruggeri, Riccardo Primi, Pier Paolo Danieli, Bruno Ronchi, Francesco Rossini

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