New cropping designs for globe artichoke industry

  • Rosario Paolo Mauro University of Catania, Italy.
  • Sara Lombardo University of Catania, Italy.
  • Angela Maria Grazia Longo University of Catania, Italy.
  • Gaetano Pandino University of Catania, Italy.
  • Giovanni Mauromicale | g.mauromicale@unict.it University of Catania, Italy.

Abstract

A two-year experiment was carried-out in order to evaluate the effects of two plant arrangements (single vs. twin rows) and four plant densities (1.0 -1.2 -1.4 and 1.8 plant m–2) on the agronomical behaviour and head characteristics of three globe artichoke genotypes (Violetto di Sicilia, Harmony F1 and Madrigal F1). The change of the cultivation format toward a high density stand significantly increase yield and yield synchronicity. The twin rows plant arrangement, although reduced total yield, increased the yield synchronicity. Moreover, the cultivation of seed-propagated genotypes (Harmony F1 and Madrigal F1) allowed extending significantly the availability of the heads across the year. On the basis of our results, we can assert that the implementation of a specific scheduling cultivation, based on higher density stands, twin rows plant arrangement and the integration of the traditional early genotypes with the new seed-propagated cultivars, is a promising way to match the requirements of a globe artichoke industrial crop, and to predispose a better mechanization of the cultural practices.

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Author Biographies

Rosario Paolo Mauro, University of Catania
DISPA – Dipartimento di Scienze delle Produzioni Agrarie e Alimentari
Sara Lombardo, University of Catania
DISPA – Dipartimento di Scienze delle Produzioni Agrarie e Alimentari
Angela Maria Grazia Longo, University of Catania
DISPA – Dipartimento di Scienze delle Produzioni Agrarie e Alimentari
Gaetano Pandino, University of Catania
DISPA – Dipartimento di Scienze delle Produzioni Agrarie e Alimentari
Giovanni Mauromicale, University of Catania
DISPA – Dipartimento di Scienze delle Produzioni Agrarie e Alimentari
Published
2011-03-21
Section
Original Articles
Keywords:
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus, genotype, plant arrangement, plant density, yield
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How to Cite
Mauro, R., Lombardo, S., Longo, A., Pandino, G., & Mauromicale, G. (2011). New cropping designs for globe artichoke industry. Italian Journal of Agronomy, 6(1), e8. https://doi.org/10.4081/ija.2011.e8

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