Ozone Damages to Italian Crops: Environmental Constraints

Abstract

The main environmental features of Italian cropping systems are described with particular emphasis on their effects on crop responses to ozone pollution. High ozone levels have been recorded all over Italy and daily patterns show, at nighttimes, strong decreases in plain areas, while ozone levels remain high in hilly areas. In the latter sites, therefore, the contribution of nocturnal stomatal conductance (gsto) to ozone uptake should be further studied. It is well known that summer drought and soil salinity reduce the soil water potential, thus causing gsto to decrease. These are likely to be the most important factors reducing crop gas-exchange and yield under environmental conditions occurring in Italy. However, the stressinduced reduction of gsto also restricts ozone uptake and, consequently, its potential damage. In Southern Italy, gasexchange limitations have been also measured in irrigated crops between two successive irrigations. Finally, the effect of water stagnation, which often occurs in clay soils of southern Italy, should be not underestimated. In these soils, in fact, root anoxia will cause stomatal closure and, consequently, will also interfere with ozone uptake and damage.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2008-03-31
Section
Original Articles
Statistics
Abstract views: 618

PDF: 249
Share it

PlumX Metrics

PlumX Metrics provide insights into the ways people interact with individual pieces of research output (articles, conference proceedings, book chapters, and many more) in the online environment. Examples include, when research is mentioned in the news or is tweeted about. Collectively known as PlumX Metrics, these metrics are divided into five categories to help make sense of the huge amounts of data involved and to enable analysis by comparing like with like.

How to Cite
Fagnano, M., & Maggio, A. (2008). Ozone Damages to Italian Crops: Environmental Constraints. Italian Journal of Agronomy, 3(1), 7-12. https://doi.org/10.4081/ija.2008.7