Nutritional and technological quality of the durum wheat

Abstract

Durum wheat quality is a complex system that combines yield characteristics, cultivation conditions and certification requirements. In this review, the technological and nutritional aspects of grain quality were evaluated in relation to the influence of climate and agronomic practices. In particular, the technological quality was investigated with regard to the kind of processed product (pasta, bread, couscous, burghul). The influence of nitrogen and sulphur nutrition, temperature, water regime and organic farming on grain quality was evaluated. Furthermore, the nutritional characteristics of durum wheat related to starch, proteins, lipids, vitamins, fibres and mineral ions content were examined. Special focus was on the antioxidant activity capable of preventing chronic and degenerative diseases thanks to the high content in bioactive compounds, as phenols, tocols, carotenoids and fibres in whole grain. In the light of the new direction of the Community agricultural policy and of the growing interest in human nutrition, two prospects for development of the durum wheat sector were delineated: i) developing certified products (PGI, PDO and organic); ii) promoting production and processing technologies aimed at increasing the level of bioactive compounds in durum wheat grain and its by-products.

Dimensions

Altmetric

PlumX Metrics

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2006-04-15
Info
Issue
Section
Original Articles
Keywords:
couscous, durum wheat, environmental influence, functional foods, nutritional quality, pasta, phytochemicals, technological quality.
Statistics
  • Abstract views: 1257

  • PDF: 1086
How to Cite
Flagella, Z. (2006). Nutritional and technological quality of the durum wheat. Italian Journal of Agronomy, 1(s1), 203-239. https://doi.org/10.4081/ija.2006.s1.203

Most read articles by the same author(s)