Horticulture in Argentina: a productive alternative with great potential

  • Ana Maria Castagnino | amc@faa.unicen.edu.ar Universidad National del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Azul, Argentina, Argentina.
  • María Belén Rosini Universidad National del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Azul, Argentina, Argentina.
  • Silvia Benson Universidad National del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Azul, Argentina, Argentina.

Abstract

Horticulture in Argentina is an activity with great potential whose history has mainly been driven by Italian immigrants who arrived during the last two centuries. It is a valuable complement for traditional primary productions on which the country is focused with more than 30 millions of cultivated hectares and different agro-climatic conditions that characterize the different horticultural regions distributed throughout the country. The aim of this article is to give a panorama of the history, reality and perspectives in Argentina of an activity that is an opportunity for producers and entrepreneurs interested in it. Due to its characteristics, horticulture generates and dynamizes employment with great importance for regional economies. The proportion between vegetables and fruit produced and commercialized in Argentina is 63 and 34% respectively. Horticultural products for exportation largely are garlic, onion and beans. Concerning the most commercialized vegetables in Argentina, potato, tomato, onion, squash, lettuce, pepper, marrow and sweet potato stand out, whereas orange, tangerine, apple, banana, lemon, pear, grape and grapefruit may be highlighted among fruit. At present, the main challenge of the Argentinian horticultural sector is given not only by the possibilities of productive diversification and the expansion of the productive area but also of the technological level optimization, the application of quality norms and the agro-industry growth.

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Published
2011-12-13
Section
Short communications
Keywords:
vegetables, crop, area, regions
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How to Cite
Castagnino, A. M., Rosini, M. B., & Benson, S. (2011). Horticulture in Argentina: a productive alternative with great potential. Italian Journal of Agronomy, 6(4), e37. https://doi.org/10.4081/ija.2011.e37